College tuition costs

Deducting college expenses

Prepaid tuition (529) plans

College savings (529) plans

Using UGMA/UTMA accounts

Loans & interest deductions

Qualifying for student aid

Tax credits for education

Education savings bonds

Education Savings Accounts

Other IRAs & 401(k) plans

Room-and-board options

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Grandparents & other sponsors

Grandparents & other sponsors

Saving for a child's college education is not limited to just his or her parents. Let's explore the role of grandparents and other sponsors that wish to help pay the college bills of a grandchild or other beneficiary.

Whether you're a wealthy aunt or uncle, or simply a charitable person wishing to help pay a deserving student's way through college, many of today's tax-advantaged savings vehicles for college are available to you.

Section 529 plans allow you to set aside well over $100,000, in aggregate, for a single beneficiary's college education. As long as your grandchild uses the money in these accounts for qualified higher education expenses, the withdrawals are tax-free. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 expands the benefits of the 529 Savings plans and allows the funds to be used for up to $10,000 per year per student in K-12 tuition expenses.

Unlike UGMA/UTMA accounts, you can control the money you save in a Section 529 plan for grandchildren or any other beneficiary. You also can change beneficiaries of a Section 529 plan easily.

In 2021, section 529 plans can be front-loaded with an investment of up to $75,000 in a single year per child. However, since gift taxes are levied on gifts of more than $15,000 per donee in a year, you will have to coordinate your funding of a Section 529 plan with your overall estate planning. If you give the maximum of $75,000 to a beneficiary's Section 529 plan, you will have to wait for another five years before you are able to give additional amounts to that person free of gift taxes. When you front-load the beneficiary's Section 529 plan, you will need to file a gift tax return and make an election to spread the gift over five years.

While nothing comes quite as close to the tax benefits of Section 529 plans, grandparents or other sponsors can also open an education savings account to pay for a grandchild's or beneficiary's college education.

Education savings accounts were formerly called education IRAs. You can contribute $2,000 per year, after taxes, to each beneficiary's education savings account. In addition to being used tax free to pay for qualified higher education expenses, the funds in an education savings account can also be used tax free to pay for qualified educational expenses paid to attend secondary schools.

Finally, don't forget about contributing to charitable organizations. You can always make a gift or endowment to a foundation or scholarship fund to give hope to some youngster's college aspirations.

The above information is educational and should not be interpreted as financial advice. For advice that is specific to your circumstances, you should consult a financial or tax adviser.

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